26mi235 wrote:Lots of comments on leaving out the mainly American team of Gerald Guralnik, Tom Kibble and Carl Hagen. Some Euro-centric bias has been asserted by some. Of course, the limit of three means only one of these could be selected.
Ernst Stuckelberg is probably one of the earliest people to have worked on the idea of gauge symmetry breaking and mass generation (from 1938). Although one could argue that this isn't
really the Higgs mechanism, because it is applied to the wrong type of particle.
Others thought the (6000?) experimenters should be recognized, but there were two teams and even taking the (rotating!) leaders would lead to four.
That would have been interesting, since the current director of the CMS experiment is a colleague of mine. I've never known a Nobel Laureate personally! For a bunch of reasons, though, this path would have been quite complicated and unwieldy for the award.
Finally, Anderson (who helped kill the Superconducting Super Collider in Texas in 1993) also developed key elements [coming from superconductivity]. However, he already has his own Nobel for superconductivity...
Anderson's case is a strange one. He published a paper on it in 1963, one year before Englert and Brout's paper (which itself preceded Higg's paper by a few months). Since Anderson and E&B both worked in condensed matter physics (superconductivity) and knew each other, it was a mystery why E&B's paper didn't even mention Anderson's.